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VOLTA  REGION


The Volta Region with its Capital, Ho, lies to the east of Ghana, sharing borders with Togo. It is named after the Volta River. Known as the region of contrasts, the Volta Region has the lowest point in Ghana - the Keta Lagoon basin - lying below sea level - and the highest point - Mountain Afadjato, 2905 ft above sea level. The Region extends from the Atlantic Coast to the fringes of the Savanna grassland northwards.






TOURIST ATTRACTIONS


Volta Lake
The Volta Lake is one of the largest artificial lakes in the world. Rich in fresh water fish, like the Nile Perch, the Lake offers challenging opportunity for anglers.
For those who wish to cruise, the Volta Lake, with its surroundings of verdant landscape and rolling hills, is an ideal vacation spot. From the southern port of Akosombo, where the Volta Dam is located, to the northern port of Buipe, the cruise passes picturesque islands and numerous fishing and farming villages.


Lower Volta Estuary
The Estuary is an area of great scenic beauty. In the Estuary proper, where the river enters the sea (between Azizanya and Azizanu), extensive sand bars have formed and have become the nesting grounds of numerous sea birds.

Due to the abundance of plankton, the estuary is always teeming with fish. Anglers and fisher folk flock here on weekends and holidays to catch Large Mouth Bass, Barracuda, Tarpon and Horse Mackerel. Swimming, water skiing and yachting are also popular pastimes.


Beaches
The Volta Region has an extensive 60km coastline which reaches from the Estuary to Aflao, on the eastern border with Togo. Coconut palms shade the sandy beaches; however, the sea is generally rough. Swimming is safe in the shallow waters of the estuary or at Cape St. Paul Beach, Woe (near Keta), Dzelukope and Denu (near Aflao).


Keta Lagoon
Keta Lagoon, the largest lagoon in Ghana, is a geographical miracle. Its blackish waters provide conditions for angling, and its tiny islands have become bird sanctuaries (Xevikpodzi). This is a special attraction for bird watchers and ornithologists.


Avatime Hills
The Avatime Hills are located about 240km northeast of Accra. Here you can enjoy a cool climate and a panoramic view of the Volta Lake.


Tafi Monkey Village
About 220km northeast of Accra, near the Avatime Hills, are sacred monkey sanctuaries.

Hundreds of speicies of monkeys, including the nearly extinct Mona, make the dense tropical forest around Tafi Atome their home. The monkeys are friendly and playful and venture into the village daily. Tradition does not permit people to kill or harm them.


Afadjato Mountain
The highest mountain in Ghana is Afadjato, which rises 2,905 feet above sea level. Located along the border with "Togo, some 40km east of Hohoe, it is an attraction for climbers.


Tagbo Falls
At Liati Wote, in a dense tropical forest, is a perennial waterfall called "Tagbo". There is a beautiful cave at the base of the Falls, where the waters plunge into a pool.


Wli Waterfalls
Wli Falls are situated in the heart of a tropical forest, 20km from Hohoe. Wli is the highest waterfall in Ghana and is fed year-round by the waters of the Agumatsa River. Reaching the falls is fun and adventure-filled. You must cross 11-log bridges which span the meandering river before arriving at the falls. Besides the spectacular view, your reward is the brisk, refreshing water which is great for swimming and makes an excellent natural cooler for your beer. Thousands of bats make their home among the cliffs which surround the falls. If you are coming form Accra, the drive to Wli takes about 3 hours.

Kalakpe Game Production Reserve
At Abutia Kloe, about 15km from Ho, the Kalakpa Game Production Reserve has been described as the last habitat of wildlife in the Volta Region. The area is rich in birds, including francolins, kingfishers, swallows, and other which migrate from Western Europe during the Winter. The primary animal species include buffalo, kob, bush-bucks and monkeys. Snails and bees, known for the delicious honey they produce, also abound in the area.

From Juapong (on the Ho-Accra Road), you can reach the Reserve by taking a short cut through Kokode.


Akpafu Iron Works
The people of Akpafu undertake the extraction of iron, using traditional methods which have been carefully passed down through the ages. They are skilful iron-smith and produce very good quality guns.


Limestone Features Of Nyagbo And Logba
These 2 towns are about 30 minutes from Hohoe. There you will find some interesting limestone formations, including underground caves which are full of stalagmites and stalactites.


Ancestral Caves of Likpe
The Likpe Traditional Area lies 15km east of Hohoe. The inhabitants claim, their ancestors lived in caves in the area, and archaeological discoveries such as broken pots, grinding stones and beads have been unearthed, which support their claims. These ancestral caves are must for the adventurous tourist.


Grottos At Kpando
Kpando has 2 "Grottos". The first belongs to the Catholic Church and is located at Agbenohoe, where there is a huge statue of the Virgin Mary.

Many Christians, especially Catholics, go to this shrine on pilgrimages.

The second grotto is a Kpando Aziavi, which is one and a half kilometres east of Kpando. It is a non-denominational shrine and is administered by the Blue Uzs Society.

Both Grottos are open to visitors all year round.


Tsatsadu Waterfall
In Alavanyo Abehenease, only 10km from Hohoe, is the extremely beautiful Tsatsadu Waterfall which, unlike other falls in the Volta Region, cascades down a hill.


Ancient Guan Civilizations
These groups of people all belong to the Guan language group and were reportedly the original inhabitants of Ghana. The Guan civilization predates the Akan, Ewe, Ga and the various tribes of the Northern, Upper East and Upper West Regions.

They have their own distinct languages, festivals and cultures and are great traditionalists. If you would like an impression of the ancient civilization, a trip to these villages near the hills of Hohoe would be worthwhile


Dr. Naomesi's Herbal Treatment And Research Centre
This Center specializes in the use of herbal remedies which are scientifically prepared and tested in the Centre's Laboratory. The Centre is recognized by UNESCO, OAU, the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in Kumasi, Ashanti Region and the University of Cape Coast in Cape Coast. It has a consulting pharmacologist and sample preparations are sent to Geneva for laboratory testing.

The Centre's preparations are used to treat a variety of ailments including: infertility in both men and women, jaundice, diabetes, snake bites, baldness, etc. Anyone in need of nature's own medicines, which have no side effects, should visit this interesting Centre.


Keta-Krachi Settlement
Keta-Krachi, located on the northern reaches of the Volta Lake, is a town steeped in history. It was once the main terminus of the caravan route which carried goods and slaves from the north. From there the slaves were transported by boat down to the then free-flowing Volta River.

Unfortunately, due to the creation of the Volta Lake, only 3 original buildings remain of this ancient town. The works of Alhaji Oumarou Titibrika, founder of one of the oldest Moslem Universities in the West African sub-region, have been recovered and are now on display in the museum in Ho. His translation of the Holy Koran into Hausa has also been preserved.

In Keta-Krachi you will also find Krachi-Dente, a powerful deity. Those afflicted with all types of diseases used to consult the deity for solutions to their problems. A shrine to Krachi-Dente is still open to those who are interested.

Do not forget that the Volta Lake Transport has weekly cruises on the River from Akosombo to Keta-Krachi.


HISTORIC

Ancient German Relics
The Germans once ruled the northern half of what is now known as the Volta Region. Their rule ended with the conclusion of World War II in 1945. Many German relics may still be found in Kpando, Adaklu, Keta-Krachi and Ho, the former seat of the German Colonial Administration.

In Kpando there is a massive stone house on a hill top, which is now a private residence. There is a mud building at Abutia Agove which was once used as a retreat by the former Governor-General. Ant at Keae-Krachi there is a military camp site made of metamorphic rocks.


Fort Prinzenstein
Although there are numerous forts and castles along the coast of Ghana, Fort Prinzenstein in Keta is the only fort east of the Volta River. Though this massive structure is partially in ruins, a significant part still remains to testify to the role it played in the days of the slave trade.


Cape St. Paul Light House
There is an 18th century lighthouse at Cape St. Paul, just west of Keta. The lighthouse guides ships sailing along the east coast of Ghana, and helps them to avoid what is believed to be a massive underwater mountain ridge just a few kilometres off shore.


FESTIVALS

Hogbetsotso Festival
The Anlo Ewes, an ethnic group on the eastern coast of Ghana, are believed to have settled in Notsie in Togo when they first migrated from Southern Sudan. Legend has it that they escaped from the tyrannical ruler of Notsie, Ago-Koli, by walking backwards. In order to commemorate the exodus and the bravery of their traditional rulers who led them on the journey, the people created this annual "Festival of the Exodus". There are many ceremonies associated with the festival, including a peace-making period where all outstanding problems are supposed to be resolved. This is a purification ceremony of the traditional stool and a period of general cleaning when the villages are swept and rubbish burnt. This cleaning ceremony begins at the Volta Estuary and goes on for days until it finally reaches the Mono River in the Republic of Benin. An essential aspect of the festival is a durbar of Chiefs and the people. Chiefs dress in very colouful regalia and sit in state to receive homage from their subjects. Dancing, singing and general merry-making go on throughout the festival. The main durbars always take place on the first Saturday of November in Anloga, 15km west of Keta, a two and half hour drive from Accra.


Agumatsa Waterfalls Festival
This festival is celebrated in November by the people of the Wli Traditional Area. They give thanks to God for giving them the Wli Waterfalls, since its waters are used for practically all domestic purposes. There is dancing during the durbar, which usually starts at mid-day and officially ends around 5:00pm.


MARKETS
Here is a list of interesting markets you will enjoy in the throughout the Volta Region. Prices as usual are subject to bargaining.

Town Market Days Specialties
Agbozume Every 5 days Kente, foodstuffs

Akatsi Every 5 days Foodstuffs

Ho Every 5 days Foodstuffs

Hohoe Daily Foodstuffs, assorted goods

Kpando Tokor Every 5 days Fish, foodstuffs


HANDICRAFT VILLAGES

Town Specialties
Agbozume Kente (beautiful hand-woven cloth)

Alavanyo Gun-smithing. The villagers are expert gun
makers and once manufactured weapons for World War II

Kpetoe Kente

Ve-Koloenu Pottery and ceramics

Vume Pottery and ceramics



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