The Volta Region with its Capital, Ho, lies to the east of Ghana,
sharing borders with Togo. It is named after the Volta River.
Known as the region of contrasts, the Volta Region has the lowest
point in Ghana - the Keta Lagoon basin - lying below sea level
- and the highest point - Mountain Afadjato, 2905 ft above sea
level. The Region extends from the Atlantic Coast to the fringes
of the Savanna grassland northwards.
The Volta Lake is one of the largest artificial lakes in the
world. Rich in fresh water fish, like the Nile Perch, the Lake
offers challenging opportunity for anglers.
For those who wish to cruise, the Volta Lake, with its surroundings
of verdant landscape and rolling hills, is an ideal vacation
spot. From the southern port of Akosombo, where the Volta Dam
is located, to the northern port of Buipe, the cruise passes
picturesque islands and numerous fishing and farming villages.
Lower Volta Estuary
The Estuary is an area of great scenic beauty. In the Estuary
proper, where the river enters the sea (between Azizanya and
Azizanu), extensive sand bars have formed and have become the
nesting grounds of numerous sea birds.
Due to the abundance of plankton, the estuary is always teeming
with fish. Anglers and fisher folk flock here on weekends and
holidays to catch Large Mouth Bass, Barracuda, Tarpon and Horse
Mackerel. Swimming, water skiing and yachting are also popular
The Volta Region has an extensive 60km coastline which reaches
from the Estuary to Aflao, on the eastern border with Togo.
Coconut palms shade the sandy beaches; however, the sea is generally
rough. Swimming is safe in the shallow waters of the estuary
or at Cape St. Paul Beach, Woe (near Keta), Dzelukope and Denu
Keta Lagoon, the largest lagoon in Ghana, is a geographical
miracle. Its blackish waters provide conditions for angling,
and its tiny islands have become bird sanctuaries (Xevikpodzi).
This is a special attraction for bird watchers and ornithologists.
The Avatime Hills are located about 240km northeast of Accra.
Here you can enjoy a cool climate and a panoramic view of the
About 220km northeast of Accra, near the Avatime Hills, are
sacred monkey sanctuaries.
Hundreds of speicies of monkeys, including the nearly extinct
Mona, make the dense tropical forest around Tafi Atome their
home. The monkeys are friendly and playful and venture into
the village daily. Tradition does not permit people to kill
or harm them.
The highest mountain in Ghana is Afadjato, which rises 2,905
feet above sea level. Located along the border with "Togo,
some 40km east of Hohoe, it is an attraction for climbers.
At Liati Wote, in a dense tropical forest, is a perennial waterfall
called "Tagbo". There is a beautiful cave at the base
of the Falls, where the waters plunge into a pool.
Wli Falls are situated in the heart of a tropical forest, 20km
from Hohoe. Wli is the highest waterfall in Ghana and is fed
year-round by the waters of the Agumatsa River. Reaching the
falls is fun and adventure-filled. You must cross 11-log bridges
which span the meandering river before arriving at the falls.
Besides the spectacular view, your reward is the brisk, refreshing
water which is great for swimming and makes an excellent natural
cooler for your beer. Thousands of bats make their home among
the cliffs which surround the falls. If you are coming form
Accra, the drive to Wli takes about 3 hours.
Game Production Reserve
At Abutia Kloe, about 15km from Ho, the Kalakpa Game Production
Reserve has been described as the last habitat of wildlife in
the Volta Region. The area is rich in birds, including francolins,
kingfishers, swallows, and other which migrate from Western
Europe during the Winter. The primary animal species include
buffalo, kob, bush-bucks and monkeys. Snails and bees, known
for the delicious honey they produce, also abound in the area.
From Juapong (on the Ho-Accra Road), you can reach the Reserve
by taking a short cut through Kokode.
The people of Akpafu undertake the extraction of iron, using
traditional methods which have been carefully passed down through
the ages. They are skilful iron-smith and produce very good
Features Of Nyagbo And Logba
These 2 towns are about 30 minutes from Hohoe. There you will
find some interesting limestone formations, including underground
caves which are full of stalagmites and stalactites.
Ancestral Caves of Likpe
The Likpe Traditional Area lies 15km east of Hohoe. The inhabitants
claim, their ancestors lived in caves in the area, and archaeological
discoveries such as broken pots, grinding stones and beads have
been unearthed, which support their claims. These ancestral
caves are must for the adventurous tourist.
Kpando has 2 "Grottos". The first belongs to the Catholic
Church and is located at Agbenohoe, where there is a huge statue
of the Virgin Mary.
Many Christians, especially Catholics, go to this shrine on
The second grotto is a Kpando Aziavi, which is one and a half
kilometres east of Kpando. It is a non-denominational shrine
and is administered by the Blue Uzs Society.
Both Grottos are open to visitors all year round.
In Alavanyo Abehenease, only 10km from Hohoe, is the extremely
beautiful Tsatsadu Waterfall which, unlike other falls in the
Volta Region, cascades down a hill.
These groups of people all belong to the Guan language group
and were reportedly the original inhabitants of Ghana. The Guan
civilization predates the Akan, Ewe, Ga and the various tribes
of the Northern, Upper East and Upper West Regions.
They have their own distinct languages, festivals and cultures
and are great traditionalists. If you would like an impression
of the ancient civilization, a trip to these villages near the
hills of Hohoe would be worthwhile
Naomesi's Herbal Treatment And Research Centre
This Center specializes in the use of herbal remedies which
are scientifically prepared and tested in the Centre's Laboratory.
The Centre is recognized by UNESCO, OAU, the Kwame Nkrumah University
of Science and Technology in Kumasi, Ashanti Region and the
University of Cape Coast in Cape Coast. It has a consulting
pharmacologist and sample preparations are sent to Geneva for
The Centre's preparations are used to treat a variety of ailments
including: infertility in both men and women, jaundice, diabetes,
snake bites, baldness, etc. Anyone in need of nature's own medicines,
which have no side effects, should visit this interesting Centre.
Keta-Krachi, located on the northern reaches of the Volta Lake,
is a town steeped in history. It was once the main terminus
of the caravan route which carried goods and slaves from the
north. From there the slaves were transported by boat down to
the then free-flowing Volta River.
Unfortunately, due to the creation of the Volta Lake, only 3
original buildings remain of this ancient town. The works of
Alhaji Oumarou Titibrika, founder of one of the oldest Moslem
Universities in the West African sub-region, have been recovered
and are now on display in the museum in Ho. His translation
of the Holy Koran into Hausa has also been preserved.
In Keta-Krachi you will also find Krachi-Dente, a powerful deity.
Those afflicted with all types of diseases used to consult the
deity for solutions to their problems. A shrine to Krachi-Dente
is still open to those who are interested.
Do not forget that the Volta Lake Transport has weekly cruises
on the River from Akosombo to Keta-Krachi.
Ancient German Relics
The Germans once ruled the northern half of what is now known
as the Volta Region. Their rule ended with the conclusion of
World War II in 1945. Many German relics may still be found
in Kpando, Adaklu, Keta-Krachi and Ho, the former seat of the
German Colonial Administration.
In Kpando there is a massive stone house on a hill top, which
is now a private residence. There is a mud building at Abutia
Agove which was once used as a retreat by the former Governor-General.
Ant at Keae-Krachi there is a military camp site made of metamorphic
Although there are numerous forts and castles along the coast
of Ghana, Fort Prinzenstein in Keta is the only fort east of
the Volta River. Though this massive structure is partially
in ruins, a significant part still remains to testify to the
role it played in the days of the slave trade.
Cape St. Paul Light House
There is an 18th century lighthouse at Cape St. Paul, just west
of Keta. The lighthouse guides ships sailing along the east
coast of Ghana, and helps them to avoid what is believed to
be a massive underwater mountain ridge just a few kilometres
The Anlo Ewes, an ethnic group on the eastern coast of Ghana,
are believed to have settled in Notsie in Togo when they first
migrated from Southern Sudan. Legend has it that they escaped
from the tyrannical ruler of Notsie, Ago-Koli, by walking backwards.
In order to commemorate the exodus and the bravery of their
traditional rulers who led them on the journey, the people created
this annual "Festival of the Exodus". There are many
ceremonies associated with the festival, including a peace-making
period where all outstanding problems are supposed to be resolved.
This is a purification ceremony of the traditional stool and
a period of general cleaning when the villages are swept and
rubbish burnt. This cleaning ceremony begins at the Volta Estuary
and goes on for days until it finally reaches the Mono River
in the Republic of Benin. An essential aspect of the festival
is a durbar of Chiefs and the people. Chiefs dress in very colouful
regalia and sit in state to receive homage from their subjects.
Dancing, singing and general merry-making go on throughout the
festival. The main durbars always take place on the first Saturday
of November in Anloga, 15km west of Keta, a two and half hour
drive from Accra.
This festival is celebrated in November by the people of the
Wli Traditional Area. They give thanks to God for giving them
the Wli Waterfalls, since its waters are used for practically
all domestic purposes. There is dancing during the durbar, which
usually starts at mid-day and officially ends around 5:00pm.
Here is a list of interesting markets you will enjoy in the
throughout the Volta Region. Prices as usual are subject to
Town Market Days Specialties
Agbozume Every 5 days Kente, foodstuffs
Akatsi Every 5 days Foodstuffs
Ho Every 5 days Foodstuffs
Hohoe Daily Foodstuffs, assorted goods
Kpando Tokor Every 5 days Fish, foodstuffs
Agbozume Kente (beautiful hand-woven cloth)
Alavanyo Gun-smithing. The villagers are expert gun
makers and once manufactured weapons for World War II
Ve-Koloenu Pottery and ceramics
Vume Pottery and ceramics