Ghana is situated in West Africa and is bounded by
Burkina Faso, Togo, the Atlantic Ocean and Cote d’Ivoire.
A narrow grassy plain stretches inland from the coast,
widening in the east, while the south and west are
covered by dense rainforest. To the north are forested
hills beyond which is dry savannah and open woodland.
Ghana’s coastline is dotted with sandy palm-fringed
beaches and lagoons. The capital, Accra, features
the Makola Market, a large and busy open-air market.
Kumasi is the historic capital of the Ashanti civilisation,
where ruins of the Manhyia Palace and the Royal Mausoleum
burnt down by Lord Baden-Powell may be examined. In
the northeast, the Boufom Wildlife Sanctuary contains
the spectacular Banfabiri Falls. Mole National Park
is recommended. Species of antelope, monkeys, lions
and elephants can all be seen on guided excursions.
Local dishes include traditional soups (palmnut, groundnut),
Kontomere and Okro stews that are normally accompanied
by fufu (pounded cassava), kenkey or gari. In Accra
and other major centres there are nightclubs combining
a selection of Western pop music and spectacular Ghanaian
music and dancing.
Area Size Of Ghana
238,537 sq km (92,100 sq miles)
Population (Provisional Results)
Male: 11,801,661 (48.7%)
Female: 12,421,770 (51.3)
Average Population Density
55.5 per sq km
Accra (3,909,764 representing 16.1 percent of the population)
KOTOKA International Airport
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) is used in Ghana - e.g. Tokyo +9 hours.
The official language is English. Local Ghanaian languages are widely
spoken, including Twi, Fante, Dagbani, Ga and Ewe.
Bank of Ghana
Ghana is a secular States. Freedom of religion is permitted enshrined in the Constitution of Ghana
March 6, 1957
Creation of Republic
July 1, 1960
The Ghanaian Cedi is pegged to the US Dollar. The exchange rate system
has been liberalised and foreign currency is freely available through
authorised dealers including banks and forex bureaux.
Credit Cards are accepted by leading hotels, restaurants, banks and
businesses. The most widely accepted credit cards are American Express,
Diners, MasterCard and Visa.
All banks and forex bureaux accept Travellers' Cheques.
Ghana is situated in West Africa and is a rectangular-shaped country
bounded to the north by Burkina Faso, the east by Togo, the south by the
Atlantic Ocean and the west by Cote d' Ivoire. A narrow grassy plain
stretches inland from the coast, widening in the east, while the south
and west are covered by dense rainforest. To the north are forested
hills beyond which is dry savannah and open woodland. In the far north
is a plateau averaging 500m (1600ft) in height. In the east the Akuapim
Togo hills run inland from the coast along the Togo border. The Black
and White Volta rivers enter Ghana from Burkina Faso merging into the
largest man-made lake in the world, Lake Volta. Ghana's coastline is
dotted with sandy palm-fringed beaches and lagoons.
Ghana has a tropical climate, characterized most of the year by moderate
temperatures (generally 21-32°C (70-90°F), constant breezes and
sunshine. There are 2 rainy seasons, from March to July and from
September to October, separated by a short dry season in August and a
relatively long dry season in the south from mid-October to March.
Annual rainfall in the south averages 2,030mm but varies greatly
throughout the country, with the heaviest rainfall in the Western Region
and the lowest in the northern Regions.
Required Clothing: Tropical lightweight clothing. Sunglasses can be useful.
There are numerous grammar, secondary, basic, commercial, technical and
vocational educational institutions throughout the country as well as
universities, numerous specialized tertiary institution, and a
functional literacy programme targeting illiterate adults. Ghana is the
Headquarters of the West African Examinations Council, which conducts
examinations for most of the institutions in the first and second cycles.
Electricity in Ghana is 220-240 volts AC, 50Hz; usually 3-pin plugs.
Single phase, 3-pin plugs are used in larger buildings. Older buildings
have 2-pin plugs. Light bulbs are of the bayonet type. Electricity
fluctuates noticeably and an Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) is
recommended for sensitive electrical equipment, especially computers and
printers (although for printers it may be more practical to have a line
conditioner). When you purchase a UPS, be sure that it is intended for
50-60mhz. This is particularly true if you plan to run your 100-110volts
computer off a transformer. Transformers do not covert cycles, only
voltage. Before you plug your expensive UPS into an electrical outlet in
Ghana, ensure that the polarity of the outlet or transformer is correct.
An incorrectly wired outlet - a common occurrence - will destroy your
UPS almost immediately. You can check your outlets with a voltage meter,
or have an electrician check all outlets for you.
Telephone: IDD service is available in most parts of the country.
Country Code: 233.
Outgoing International Code: 001 - International calls can be
made by buying a phone card or using a communication center which has an
international direct dialing service.
Mobile Phones: Mobile phones are widely used. You can buy your
own handset or get if from authorised dealers like Mobitel, CellTel, or Spacefon etc.
Fax: There is a 24-hour fax service throughout the country.
Telegram: Services are available from Post Offices throughout the country.
Internet: Internet Providers and Internet Cafes are available throughout the country.
Post: Airmail letters, EMS, DHL and other expedited mail services are available.
Press: Daily/Weekly newspapers are in English and include The
Ghanaian Times, Daily Graphic, Business Weekly, The Mirror, Weekly
Spectator, The Pioneer, Chronicle, Statesman, The Democrat, Free Press etc.